Class A1 – Shops, retail warehouses, hairdressers, undertakers, travel agency, post office, pet shop, sandwich bars, showrooms, domestic hire shops, dry cleaners
Class A2 – Financial and Professional Services such as banks, building societies, estate agencies
Class A3 – Food and Drink premises such as restaurants, snack bars and cafes
Class A4 – Public houses, wine bars and other drinking establishments
Class A5 – Hot food takeaways
Class B1 - Offices, research and development of products and processes
Class B2 – General Industrial
Class B8 – Storage and Distribution
Class C1 – Hotels, boarding and guest houses
Class C2 – Residential Institutions such as residential care homes, hospitals, nursing homes, boarding schools, residential colleges and training centres
Class C2A – Secure Residential Institution including use as a prison, young offenders institution, detention centre, secure training centre custody centre, short term holding centre, secure hospital, secure local authority accommodation and military barracks
Class C3 – Dwellinghouses
Class C4 – Houses in multiple occupation
Class D1 – Non-residential institution including clinics, health centres, crèches, day nurseries, schools, museums, libraries, halls, places of worship, church halls and law courts
Class D2 – Assembly and Leisure including cinemas, music and convert halls, bingo and dance halls, swimming baths, skating rinks and gymnasiums
Certain uses do not fall within any use class, these uses are considered ‘sui generis’. Sui generis uses include theatres, scrap yards, nightclubs, petrol stations, launderettes, taxi businesses, amusement centres, casinos, large HMOs, hostels, betting office, pay day loan shop.
Changing of Use
It is generally the case that planning permission is required to change from one use class to another, however there are exceptions where the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015 (as amended) does allow some changes between uses.
The JLL Planning, Development and Heritage team have produced a‘Guide to the Use Classes Order’ that indicates permitted development rights that different uses might benefit from, as well as identifying the limitations, conditions and prior approval requirements. Where prior approval is required from a Local Planning Authority the procedures and provisions for submitting such applications are set out in more detail in the GPDO.
If permitted development is not allowed, this does not mean that Planning Permission will not be granted by the Local Planning Authority. If you have any queries please do not hesitate to contact the JLL Planning, Development and Heritage team.